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干货 | 消息证实!ACT官方明文回应改革,机考来了!

时间:2016-10-27


IOWA CITY,Iowa最新报道:

全球ACT考试中心将于2017年秋季开始启用在线机考版本测试。此机考版本ACT测试仅在国际考试中心实施,并不包括美国本土。


官方发文


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IOWA CITY, Iowa—ACT will begin administering an online, computer-adaptive version of the ACT® test in all overseas ACT test centers starting in the fall of 2017. This computer-adaptive version of the ACT will be administered only in international test centers, not in the United States.

ACT is moving to this new computer-adaptive testing (CAT) format to enhance the experience of examinees as well as to improve test security. The use of a CAT design allows for quicker scoring and can result in an assessment that takes less time to administer. The CAT format also addresses some issues in test security by limiting the exposure of specific test questions. 

“We believe the CAT design will benefit examinees, making the testing experience more positive and helping to ensure a level playing field for all test takers,” said ACT Chief Commercial Officer Suzana Delanghe. “ACT cares deeply about test security and the validity of ACT scores. While we know that the vast majority of examinees are honest, there are a growing number of parties who are regrettably seeking to undermine assessments for their own gain. These efforts hurt innocent test takers. We are taking this step partly in response to the rise in such activities we’ve seen overseas.”

Computer-adaptive tests adjust to each examinee's ability level while he or she is taking the test, so that not all examinees are given the same questions in the same order. They are designed to avoid asking many questions that are much too difficult or much too easy for the student being tested, based on the examinee’s previous answers.

ACT will be conducting a series of research studies to ensure that the scores reported for international students who take the CAT version of the ACT will be equivalent to those earned in the normal paper and online versions of the test, meaning they indicate the same level of academic achievement and predicted performance.

In 2013, ACT introduced an online version of the ACT as an option to schools participating in statewide or districtwide administration of the ACT. This online version results in college-reportable scores that are equivalent to scores from paper testing.

ACT also has considerable experience with computer-adaptive tests. The ACT Compass program employed a CAT design for more than 20 years, and ACT’s work in supporting the GMAC assessment has provided the organization with additional expertise in developing and servicing CAT systems.

“We understand the importance students and institutions place on the results of the ACT,” said Delange. “We are working hard to improve the testing experience while at the same time ensuring our tests are generating valid and reliable scores. This move to the CAT design overseas is part of our effort toward that goal.”

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2016年6月ACT考试由于出现试题泄露时间,所以在考试当天取消了香港和韩国全部考试资格,直接造成了56个考试中心被迫取消考试,将近5500名学生受到影响。

为了对抗日益严重的考试作弊情况,ACT官方预计最早在2017年9月在海外考场启用机考。海外考场中就包含了大陆考生熟悉的香港、澳门和韩国考场。施行机考就意味着整个考试的五个单项共225分钟都要面对着电脑屏幕做题。

「ACT首席商业官Suzana Delange表示:“我们非常明白ACT考试对应试者和接收考试结果方的重要性,所以我们的目标是提升应试者的体验的同时,全力确保考试结果的可靠性和有效性;本次海外CAT机考版本的推行使用使我们离目标更近一步。

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和TOEFL考试不同,ACT机考使用的是计算机自适应测试(computerized adaptive testing,简称CAT),CAT考试一直在GMAT考试中使用,简单来说就是出题顺序和题目将根据考生对上道题的作答情况决定,电脑根据考生的情况对下一道出现的题目进行适应性调整。

每个考生的试卷都不一样,考试时间不同,每个考生作答的题目都是根据自己的情况由计算机调整出来的。

机考的优劣势分析

优势

❶ 严格控制跨区:线上机考解决了原有人为监考中由于不同考场松紧导致的ACT跨区问题,通过机器时间的控制跨区被严格限制了;

❷ 在学生优先处理问题方面:允许学生给疑惑问题做上相应标记,每一部分的结尾可以检查或重新思考答案不太确定的题,大大的节省时间;

❸ 作文环节:小天使们再也不用再担心字丑而影响评分了,写错单词或者出现多余段落修改起来也更加简洁,更省时,作文时间上必定会更有优势。

劣势

中国考生多年来的纸质考试习惯,如果突然改成在电子屏幕上阅读本身就不熟悉的长篇文章可能会造成一定的困难以及紧张情绪。

如何应对?

新高三对于我们目前的高三学生来说,机考不会带来任何的影响(就是这么拽,摊手ing。

新高二的同学们可以早早规划,在明年9月的机考改革前参加2017年4月或者6月的考试,考出30+的分数用于大学的早申请。大家规划的首考是高二开学后的10月份或者12月份,相信大家通过暑假强化班和冲分班的密集复习,首考冲击26-30分,为2017年的第二次考试打好坚实的基础。

新高一的同学们,目前的重中之重是通过TOEFL冲分班在2017年3月的TOEFL首考中收获高分,有了TOEFL 的机考经验,相信同学们面对将近4小时的ACT考试也不会感到巨大的压力。

我们应该明白,改革只是考试形式的改变,但是对学生学习素质和能力的考察没有变,正所谓万变不离其宗。





上一篇:申请2017年入学,10月份的新SAT考试有多重要你造吗!


下一篇:美国顶尖大学 GPA、托福、GMAT录取分数要求全在这里了!

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